Abt Associates: Bold thinkers driving real-world impact
The National Study of Low-Income Child Care examined the effects of welfare reform and child care policies on low-income children, their parents, and child care providers. The 10-year study, carried out by Abt Associates for the Administration for Children and Families of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, was initiated after the passage of the landmark welfare reform act, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), which greatly increased federal funding for childcare for low-income families.
This study examined state-level child care policies, practices, regulations and resource allocations. The research also used surveys of 2,000 low-income families in 25 communities in 17 states to collect information about their child care choices and factors affecting those choices. In five of these communities, 650 low-income parents and their home-based child care providers participated in a three-year in-depth study. Parents and child care providers were interviewed every six months and children were observed in the family child care environment.
The study provided important, new information about many dimensions of child care affected by the increase in federal funding, including the degree to which the additional funding affected child care markets, met the needs of low-income families, and affected their child care choices.
Read study reports and instruments on the web site of the Administration for Children and Families’ Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation.
Abt Associates is a mission-driven, global leader in research, evaluation and program implementation in the fields of health, social and environmental policy, and international development. Known for its rigorous approach to solving complex challenges, Abt Associates is regularly ranked as one of the top 20 global research firms and one of the top 40 international development innovators. The company has multiple offices in the U.S. and program offices in more than 40 countries.